When Does Menopause Begin, How Long Does It Last? Causes & Symptoms

Menopause begins when you have gone 12 consecutive months without menstruating. Symptoms like night sweats are common during menopause. Natural remedies can help in most cases.

When does menopause begin and how long does it last?

Most women develop menopause symptoms about four years before their last period and it continues until about four years after a woman’s last period. Duration of menopause may vary from individual to individual.

What are the symptoms of menopause?

The most common early signs of perimenopause are:
a. less frequent menstruation
b. heavier or lighter periods than you normally experience
c. vasomotor symptoms (VMS), including hot flashes, night sweats, and flushing

Other common symptoms of menopause include:

a. insomnia
b. vaginal dryness
c. weight gain
d. depression
e. anxiety
f. difficulty concentrating
g. memory problems
h. reduced libido, or sex drive
i. dry skin, mouth, and eyes
j. increased urination
k. sore or tender breasts
l. headaches
m. racing heart
n. urinary tract infections (UTIs)
o. reduced muscle mass
p. painful or stiff joints
q. reduced bone mass
r. less full breasts
s. hair thinning or loss
t. increased hair growth on other areas of the body, such as the face, neck, chest, and upper back


Menopause is a biological process that happens as the ovaries age and delivers fewer reproductive hormones.
The body starts to experience several changes in response to lower levels of:
a. estrogen
b. progesterone
c. testosterone
d. follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH)
e. luteinizing hormone (LH)
In some cases menopause gets induced due to some special causes, are:
a. bilateral oophorectomy, or surgical removal of the ovaries
b. ovarian ablation, or the shutdown of ovary function by hormone therapy, surgery, or radiotherapy techniques.
c. pelvic radiation
d. pelvic injuries that harshly damage or eliminate the ovaries

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